همهی ما میدانیم که مطالعه متنهای انگلیسی نقش مهمی در یادگیری زبان انگلیسی دارد. متن زیر یک متن ساده انگلیسی در مورد غذا هست و از آنجایی که همهی ما هر روز غذا میخوریم یا راجع به آن صحبت میکنیم، میتوان گفت کلمات مربوط به غذا جزو لغات پرکربرد د زبان انگلیسی است. به همین دلیل، شما با خواندن متن زیر وپاسخ به سوالات، نه تنها مهارت ریذینگ خود را تقویت میکنید، بلکه با اصطلاحات و کلمات راجع به غذا نیز آشنا خواهید شد.
به همراه متن زیر یک لیست از لغات سخت دربارهی غذا هم براتون نوشتیم. اگر دوست دارید بتونید بهتر لغات را یاد بگیرید، میتوانید پست ما در این مورد را مطالعه کنید.
Food and its importance
Food is an essential part of our lives. Food provides us with the nutrients and energy we need to grow, learn, develop and do all the activities in our day-to-day lives. Foods are directly related to our bodies and their functions since they contain nutrition like proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins and fats. These are all important for our physical and mental health. The main sources of nutrition and energy for our bodies are food and water, but many of the foods we eat may not contain the essential nutrition we need. Some of these foods can actually lead to health problems, such as high blood pressure and heart disease. So, you should choose more balanced foods with enough nutrition for your body.
Foods provide us with nutrients. There are many different nutrients. We divide them into:
Macronutrients that we need in large amounts. These are:
Micronutrients that we need in small amounts. There are many different micronutrients, but the ones listed below are most likely to be lacking in our diets:
The importance of food in our lives is like the importance of oxygen for breathing. If you stop breathing oxygen, it can kill you in a matter of minutes, and if you stop eating food, it will kill you in a few days or weeks. Both of them are necessary to continue life. The food we eat fulfils the nutritious needs of our body, and there is a variety of food for us to use. Everyone has their preferences when it comes to food; some people are vegetarian (that means they only eat a plant-based diet), and most are omnivorous (Meaning that they eat both plants and meat). No matter what diet you are on, it should be giving you the nutrition your body needs to be healthy.
Every cell in your body depends on the nutrients and calories that are present in the food that you eat. However, the need for food is not only limited to continuing life. There are different food sources. The primary sources are plants and animals. Foods such as oil, meat, fish, fruits, vegetables, tea, chocolate, coffee and dairy are obtained from these primary sources. Not all the food that we eat is made from plants and animals. For example, mushrooms are obtained from edible fungi. Food has become a major part of our social lives, economy, and comfort.
|غذا||“any nutritious substance that people or animals eat or drink or that plants absorb in order to maintain life and growth.” (noun)||Food|
|فراهم کردن||“make available for use; supply.” (verb)
|مواد مغذی||“a substance that provides nourishment essential for the maintenance of life and for growth.” (noun)||Nutrients|
|پروتئین||“any of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds that have large molecules composed of one or more long chains of amino acids and are an essential part of all living organisms, especially as structural components of body tissues such as muscle, hair, etc., and as enzymes and antibodies.” (noun)||Protein|
|کربوهیدرات||“any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues and including sugars, starch, and cellulose. They contain hydrogen and oxygen in the same ratio as water (2:1) and typically can be broken down to release energy in the animal body.” (noun)||Carbohydrate|
|چربی||“any of a group of natural esters of glycerol and various fatty acids, which are solid at room temperature and are the main constituents of animal and vegetable fat.” (noun)||Fat|
|ذهنی||“relating to disorders of the mind.” (adjective)
|ضروری||“absolutely necessary; extremely important.” (adjective)
|فشار خون||“High blood pressure (hypertension) is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease.” source||High blood pressure|
|بیماری||“a disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury.” (noun)||Disease|
|متعادل||“keeping or showing a balance; in good proportions.” (adjective)
|فقدان، نبود||“be without or deficient in.” (verb)||Lack|
|برآورده شود||“achieve or realize (something desired, promised, or predicted).” (verb)||Fulfil|
|ترجیح||“a greater liking for one alternative over another or others.” (noun)
|مواد معدنی||“a solid, naturally occurring inorganic substance.” (noun)||Minerals|
|گیاه خواری||“a person who does not eat meat or fish, and sometimes other animal products, especially for moral, religious, or health reasons.” (noun)||Vegetarian|
|همه چیز خوار(کسی که همه نوع غذا میخورد)||“(of an animal or person) feeding on a variety of food of both plant and animal origin.” (noun)||Omnivorous|
|محدود||“restricted in size, amount, or extent; few, small, or short.” (adjective)
|اولیه، مهمترین||“of chief importance; principal.” (adjective)
“the flesh of an animal, typically a mammal or bird, as food (the flesh of domestic fowls is sometimes distinguished as poultry).” (noun)
|به دست آمده||
“get, acquire, or secure (something).” (verb)
“a fungal growth that typically takes the form of a domed cap on a stalk, with gills on the underside of the cap.” (noun)
“fit or suitable to be eaten.” (adjective)
“any of a group of spore-producing organisms feeding on organic matter, including moulds, yeast, mushrooms, and toadstools.” (noun)
|لبنیات||“containing or made from milk.” (noun)||Dairy|
.Definitions are taken from lexico.com